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Section A.15.  Answer to Chapter 16 Exercise

 
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A.15. Answer to Chapter 16 Exercise

  1. Here's one way to do it:

        my $filename = 'path/to/sample_text';
        open FILE, $filename
          or die "Can't open '$filename': $!";
        chomp(my @strings = <FILE>);
        while (1) {
          print "Please enter a pattern: ";
          chomp(my $pattern = <STDIN>);
          last if $pattern =~ /^\s*$/;
          my @matches = eval {
            grep /$pattern/, @strings;
          };
          if ($@) {
            print "Error: $@";
          } else {
            my $count = @matches;
            print "There were $count matching strings:\n",
              map "$_\n", @matches;
          }
          print "\n";
        }
    

    This one uses an eval block to trap any failure that might occur when using the regular expression. Inside that block, a grep pulls the matching strings from the list of strings.

    Once the eval is finished, we can report either the error message or the matching strings. We "unchomped" the strings for output by using map to add a newline to each string.

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