12.12. Changing Ownership
If the operating system permits it, you may change the ownership and group membership of a list of files with the chown function. The user and group are changed simultaneously, and both have to be the numeric user-ID and group-ID values. For example:
my $user = 1004; my $group = 100; chown $user, $group, glob "*.o";
What if you have a username like merlyn instead of the number? Call the getpwnam function to translate the name into a number, and the corresponding getgrnam to translate the group name into its number:
defined(my $user = getpwnam "merlyn") or die "bad user"; defined(my $group = getgrnam "users") or die "bad group"; chown $user, $group, glob "/home/merlyn/*";
The defined function verifies the return value is not undef, which will be returned if the requested user or group is invalid.
The chown function returns the number of files affected, and it sets $! on error.