Документация
HTML CSS PHP PERL другое

Section 8.9.  A Pattern Test Program

 
Previous
Table of Contents
Next

8.9. A Pattern Test Program

When in the course of Perl events it becomes necessary for a programmer to write a regular expression, it may be difficult to tell what the pattern will do. It's normal to find that a pattern matches more than you expected, or less. Or it may match earlier in the string than you expected, or later, or not at all.

This program is useful to test out a pattern on some strings and see what it matches and where:

    #!/usr/bin/perl
    while (<>) {                   # take one input line at a time
      chomp;
      if (/YOUR_PATTERN_GOES_HERE/) {
        print "Matched: |$`<$&>$'|\n";  # the special match vars
      } else {
        print "No match: |$_|\n";
      }
    }

This pattern test program is written for programmers and not end users to use, you can tell because it doesn't have any prompts or usage information. It will take any number of input lines and check each one against the pattern that you'll put in place of the string saying YOUR_PATTERN_GOES_HERE. For each line that matches, it uses the three special match variables ($`, $&, and $') to make a picture of where the match happened. What you'll see is this: if the pattern is /match/ and the input is beforematchafter, the output will say "|before<match>after|", using angle brackets to show you what part of the string was matched by your pattern. If your pattern matches something you didn't expect, you'll see it right away.

    Previous
    Table of Contents
    Next
    © 2000- NIV